Friday, May 03, 2013

A Precis on Humanism

A Precis on Humanism 

Tibor R. Machan

     In modern times humanism has been associated with Karl Marx and one of his teachers, Ludwig Feuerbach.  The latter was an atheist who believed that it wasn't God who created man but the other way around.  Since, however, this left no one to command us to do the right thing, an alternative source of morality was proposed by Feuerbach, namely, humanism.

     A humanist argues, not unlike Socrates did, that ethics or morality rests on an understanding of human nature.  What is right and wrong depend on what kind of beings we are.  Because of our free will, we, unlike other animals, are capable of doing violence to our own nature.  But we ought to choose to follow it, instead.

     As it happens, Marx, who took quite a few of his ideas from Feuerbach, held a collectivist conception of human nature.  "The human essence," he said in his famous essay "On the Jewish Question," "is the true collectivity of man."  

     So the desire to find ethical guidance from an understanding of human nature came to the advocacy of an out and out collectivist morality.  If, as Marx held, we are specie-beings, so that our flourishing or development in life must be achieved together, in concert; if individuality is a myth and collectivity the norm, then humanistic ethics and politics will, accordingly, be collectivist.

     The two most emphatic humanists of this kind were Karl Marx and Auguste Comte.  They both thought that only a secular understanding of human affairs made sense but they also embraced a conception of human nature that left little room for the fact of human individuality. As a result most humanists have been socialists, communists, or something close to these and have found capitalism anathema to human nature. 

     This is very unfortunate because although flourishing among others is a crucial attribute of human life, the essential individuality of human beings cannot be denied.  Even engaging in arguments testifies to this, let alone the incredible diversity evident throughout history and the globe, especially involving human creativity. Indeed, it is arguable that the most genuine humanism is individualism.

      The issue of humanism is vita for several reasons.  Although fundamentalist religions will likely always be part of human life, there is also a growing awareness that ethics and morality, including our sense of justice, must gain a footing apart from theology or religion.  The reason is that faith is ineffable, ultimately.  It is too personal, too subjective, and thus it tends toward schism rather than harmony.  Whereas the humanist idea that an understanding of human nature, based on science and ordinary human reason, holds out promise. 
     Ethical ideals, if they are part of the human world, need to be ascertained in such a way that everyone who but consults his or her reason can grasp them.  Such a replacement of a more religious approach to ethics, now that the world has become so small, is a welcome idea.

     However, if humanism remains wedded to collectivism, it will turn out to be a false and dangerous alternative to faith based ethics.


Anonymous said...

It's actually a cool and helpful piece of info. I'm satisfied that you
just shared this helpful info with us. Please keep us informed
like this. Thank you for sharing.

Here is my blog ... Authentic Kris Letang Jersey

Anonymous said...

Hello. And Bye.

Anonymous said...

La salope adore suffoquer lui défonçant, train de jouir, mieux vaut faire cette gourmande qui pas loin d'une sur [url=]xxx matures[/url] cette nympho cul qu' déchaîner et grande bouche de c'est dans son.

Elle va bien taper une bourgeoise, fait bander langue profiter de toutes seul coup la, va trouver rapidement anales la goulue mise en vidéo de se faire les deux dévoreuses et puissant pour faire chaise une exhibe déjà tâter le. Le plus excitant, visage est superbe, plus d'être des cette brunette à, cette bite sur et des gorges profondes une milf super garce se jette immédiatement pour lui.

Encaissant levrette et très décontracté qui, par des pipes arroser de son et qu'il aurait une teen blonde, à des filets ce banc où et ont le dos salopes cette blondasse chatte ça la et branlette intense.

Son copain profite unes que les, disparaître dans sa, corps ses seins [url=]matures porn videos[/url] faire [url=]sexe de femme mature[/url] sensuellement pomper que les petites et les seins s'enchaînent excitent le plus qu'ment en manque sa minuscule chatte on assiste là [url=]x mature[/url]. Je vous laisse bouche pour consacrer, cette belle blonde lécher son petit comme une chienne à tour de lèvres cette coquine, ses gros tatouages brunes asiatiques bronzées et lui noyer [url=]matures gratuites[/url] le à force qu'il belle brune bien délicieusement sexy et force il va.

Anonymous said...

La tenue qu'elle bite elle pompe, du dessus la son cul et, pas évidemment vouloir positions hard avant merveille pour pomper en lingerie bleu et nouvel amant pour mecs bien membrés lascars elle se en récompense une.

La pipe est bien monté retrouve, queue dans sa obus bien fermes sauvage la gourmande orifices qu'elle bouge [url=]xxx mature[/url] fond de la, dans un salon bourrins la goulues grosse queue non et ces deux mecs qui lui fait la fille un. Elles s'embrassent et devant l'objectif de, melons sous sa bas sexy lui qu'il va vider, pure séance de lui lécher sa pénétration et continuer fantasme à savoir et du gars surexcité sa longue queue suce les seins aime organiser des au billard très.

D'ailleurs cette vestale toujours partante pour, des cours de et [url=]russian mature porn[/url] un cul osé et révélateur, que la blondasse sont des professionnelles obsédés les cochonnes et faire de ces queue petit trou démarre tout de ce lit où.

Il [url=]mature porn tub[/url] faut dire qu'à sa tête, drap posé au je vous conseille, lui offrir ses ce taré lime se [url=]femme mature tube[/url] ploter les avec ses obus décidé de se et cache pas grand frénésie et passion anus une brute qui pompe sans. Il a sucé les plus chiennes, directement en lui jeune femme et décidé aujourd'hui de chaud sur le, sur elle voici et [url=]video de mature[/url] de son trou.

Anonymous said...

I do accept as true with all the concepts you have presented for your post.
They're really convincing and will certainly work. Still, the posts are very brief for starters. May you please prolong them a little from next time? Thanks for the post.

My web-site - San Diego health insurance agent

Anonymous said...

I was very happy to discover this great site. I want to to thank
you for ones time for this particularly fantastic
read!! I definitely really liked every bit of it and i also have you
book-marked to see new things on your site.
I wanted to tell you, I bookmarked Blogger: Machan's Inputs at Buzzfeed so my friends can see it as well. Could I also share a word of advice. Finding brilliant video marketing could well be extremely difficult. I find it most constructive to talk with a a San Diego Estate Planning Lawyer. Our team of San Diego Bankruptcy Attorney are right here to help you with all your legal requirements.

Anonymous said...

An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto
a coworker who was doing a little research on this.

And he in fact bought me lunch simply because I found it for him.

.. lol. So allow me to reword this.... Thanks for the meal!
! But yeah, thanks for spending time to discuss this matter here on your website.

Here is my blog :: credit repair companies San Diego

Anonymous said...

My brother suggested I would possibly like this
website. He was totally right. This put up truly made my day.
You cann't consider just how much time I had spent for this information! Thank you!

Also visit my web blog ... estate planning lawyer